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Aztec Warrior The Aztec military structure VideoAZTECS VS MAYANS
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Bad Kötzting Casino. - Exo Terra Aztec Warrior - Terrarienversteck in Adlerkrieger Optik 15,5x14x22cmTropftränke Hobby Trickle Rock. Aztec Warriors In Aztec society, men and boys underwent rigorous military training to become warriors. Warriors were often held in high esteem in Aztec society and were frequently relied upon to conquer lands for the Aztec empire. Aztecas Art Aztec Empire World Mythology Aztec Culture Aztec Warrior Warrior Spirit My Fantasy World Mesoamerican Inca Tlazolteotl "The Filth-Eater" is the Aztec Goddess of purification, steam bath, midwives, filth, and a patroness of adulterers. In Nahuatl, the word tlazolli can refer to vice and diseases. An Eagle warrior (left) depicted holding a macuahuitl in the Florentine Codex. Eagle warriors or eagle knights (Classical Nahuatl: cuāuhtli [ˈkʷaːwtɬi] (singular) or cuāuhmeh [ˈkʷaːwmeʔ] ()) were a special class of infantry soldier in the Aztec army, one of the two leading military special forces orders in Aztec society, the other being the Jaguar warriors. Aztec Warriors The Aztec empire was an empire that expanded rapidly. It's not a surprise that Aztec warriors held a very important place in the culture of central Mexico. But where did the Aztec warrior come from, and what was his life like?. Units made famous by the real-time strategy game Age of Empires 2, the eagle warriors (cuāuhtli) and jaguar warriors (ocēlōtl) possibly comprised the largest elite warrior band in the Aztec military, and as such when fielded together, were known as the cuauhtlocelotl.
Shorn Ones were another unit of Aztec warriors who had their heads shaved and carried a long braid at the back of their head.
They were reputed for never stepping back in the battlefield. Reaching the rank of the Shorn Ones usually required capturing six or more warriors.
The Shorn Ones usually refused to receive any titles of seniority and remained combatants so that they could continue to wage war on the battlefield.
Tlamanih was another type of Aztec warrior. Cuextacatl was a title for such Aztec warriors who successfully captured at least two captives.
In fact, the legacy of the Aztecs directly relates to that of the Mexica culture, one of the nomadic Chichimec people that entered the Valley of Mexico by circa AD.
The Mexica were both farmers and hunter-gatherers, but they were mostly known by their brethren to be fierce warriors. And on the latter front, they were tested — by remnants of the Toltec Empire.
In fact, according to one version of their legacy, it was the Toltec warlords who pursued the Mexica and forced them to retreat to an island.
Suffice it to say, in these initial years when Tenochtitlan was still considered as a backwater settlement, the Mexica were not counted among the political elite of the region.
As such many of them peddled their status as fearsome warriors and inducted themselves as elite mercenaries of the numerous rival Toltec factions.
This shift in the balance of power in their favor fueled the Mexica to a dominant position in the region. And together banding with their culturally-aligned, Nahuatl-speaking brethren from the allied cities of Texcoco and Tlacopan, the Mexica nobles and princes formed what is known as the Aztec Triple Alliance or the Aztec Empire.
This super-entity ruled the area in and around the Valley of Mexico from the 15th century till the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors.
As we can gather from the earlier entry, the Aztecs pertaining to an alliance of Nahuatl -speaking people were first and foremost a warrior society.
Relating to the last part of the statement, while the nobles and high-ranking members of the Aztec society played their crucial roles in both the political and military affairs, the Aztec military structure at least during the first half of 15th century theoretically adhered to the ideals of meritocracy.
Simply put, a commoner could also rise up to the rank of an Aztec warrior, on the condition that he proved his ferocity and valor in battle by not only killing but also capturing a certain number of enemies.
One of the first tasks the small boy had to perform related to the intensive physical labor of carrying heavy goods and crucial food supplies from the central marketplace.
And for that, he was only provided with a frugal meal of half a maize cake at the age of three, a full maize cake at the age of five, and one-and-a-half maize cake at the age of twelve.
These paltry portions encouraged the would-be Aztec warrior to subsist on meager food items. By the age of seven, the Aztec boy had to learn to maneuver his family boat and fish on Lake Texcoco.
Now we did mention that the Aztec military during the first half of the 15th-century theoretically adhered to a merit-based system.
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Related News Round-Up: Alleluia! Movies I once decided to watch, but changed my mind before getting to do it. Movies - These warriors were greatly feared and went first into battle.
This article is part of our larger resource on Aztec civilization. For a comprehensive overview of the Aztec Empire, including its military, religion, and agriculture, click here.
Scott Michael Rank, Ph. Additional Resources About The Aztecs. When the Aztec youths starting training on the battlefield or in war, they were classified into certain ranks.
As they progressed and proved their worth they would be able to become a youth master and later a full time warrior, once they reached manhood or made their first captive.
Commoners were used in the Aztec military, to assist in battle, and to carry supplies and weapons for the rest of the troops. These assistants were known as porters, or tlamemeh.
Therefore, warriors would be drafted to a campaign through a Tequital a payment of goods and labor enforced by the government. Outside of battle, many warriors were farmers and tradesmen.
They would learn their trade from their father. Warriors would be married by their early twenties and would be a vital part of Aztec daily life.
They would work a certain trade usually passed on through family status. Warriors would be lower class citizens, that when called upon would engage in battle.
Being a warrior did, however, present a way to move up in Aztec society. The warrior's life was a chance to change one's social status. If they reached the rank of Eagle or Jaguar warrior they would be considered as nobles.
They would also become full-time warriors working for the city-state to protect merchants and the city itself.
They resembled the police force of Aztec society. Aztec culture valued appearance, and appearance defined people within society. Warriors had a very distinct appearance.
Their dress would be in relation to their success and triumph on the battlefield. Gaining ranks as an Aztec warrior was based on how many enemy soldiers that warrior had captured.
A warrior who had taken one captive would carry a macuahuitl , and a chimalli without any decorations. He would also be rewarded with a manta, and an orange cape with a stripe, a carmine-colored loincloth, and a scorpion-knotted designed cape.
Daily, A two-captive warrior would be able to wear sandals on the battlefield. He would also have a feathered warrior suit and a cone-shaped cap.
The feathered suit and the cone-shaped cap appearance are the most common within the Codex Mendoza. A four captive warrior, which would be an eagle or jaguar warrior, would wear an actual jaguar skin over his body with an open slot for the head.
These warriors would have expensive jewelry and weapons. Their hairstyle was also unique to their status. The hair would sit at the top of their head and be parted into two sections with a red cord wrapped around it.
The red cord would also have an ornament of green, blue, and red feathers. The shields were made of wicker wood and leather, so very few survived.
The Aztecs didn't normally maintain tight territorial control within their empire but nonetheless, there are examples of fortifications built by the Aztecs.
The latter is where Ahuitzotl built garrisons and fortifications to keep watch over the Matlatzinca , Mazahua and Otomies and to always have troops close to the enemy Tarascan state - the borders with which were also guarded and at least partly fortified on both sides.
The Aztec army was organized into two groups. The nobles were organized into professional warrior societies. The Tlacochcalcatl and Tlacateccatl also had to name successors prior to any battle so that if they died they could be immediately replaced.
Priests also took part in warfare, carrying the effigies of deities into battle alongside the armies. The army also had boys about the age of twelve along with them serving as porters and messengers; this was mainly for training measures.
The adjacent image shows the Tlacateccatl and the Tlacochcalcatl and two other officers probably priests known as Huitznahuatl and Ticocyahuacatl , all dressed in their tlahuiztli suits.
The formal education of the Aztecs was to train and teach young boys how to function in their society, particularly as warriors.
The Aztecs had a relatively small standing army. Only the elite soldiers, part of the warrior societies such as the Jaguar Knights , and the soldiers stationed at the few Aztec fortifications were full-time.
Nevertheless, every boy was trained to become a warrior with the exception of nobles. Trades such as farming and artisan skills were not taught at the two formal schools.
All boys who were between the ages of ten and twenty years old would attend one of the two schools: the Telpochcalli or the neighborhood school for commoners, and the Calmecac which was the exclusive school for nobles.
At the Telpochcalli, students would learn the art of warfare, and would become warriors. At the Calmecac students would be trained to become military leaders, priests, government officials, etc.